Composted material or waste is less bulky than the original material, and much easier to
handle. During the composting process, carbon dioxide and water are lost in the atmosphere
and the size of the pile decreases by 30–60%.Composting reduces in the decline of nitrogen
availability that commonly occurs when organic materials, such as sawdust or straw, are
added directly to soil. Composting is also useful for recycling kitchen waste, leftover crop
residues, weeds, and manures.
Composting is a natural way to recycle certain food or yard products. It is also a sustainable
way to enrich the soil for plants to grow in.
According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), food scraps and yard waste make
up more than 28% of waste in landfills and combustion facilities. Composting can reduce the
amount of food a person wastes or throws up in the trash.
- 1) Reduces methane, which is a greenhouse gas that is produced from landfills.
- 2) Reduces or eliminates the need for chemical fertilizers.
- 3) Promotes higher crop yields for farmers.
- 4) Helps restore forests, wetlands, and habitats by improving poor quality soil.
- 5) Helps the soil recover from toxic contamination from hazardous waste.
- 6) Allows the soil to maintain moisture levels, which lessens the need for watering them
again and again.
- 7 It also helps in reducing the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
Things which can be composted
● Fruits and vegetables
● Coffee grounds and filters
● Tea bags
● Nut shells
● Shredded newspaper
● Yard trimmings
● Grass clippings
● Hay and straw
● Wood chips
● Cotton and Wool Rags
● Dryer and vacuum cleaner lint
● Hair and fur
● Fireplace ashes
Things which cannot be composted
● Black walnut tree leaves or twigs - Releases substances that might be harmful for plants.
● Coal or charcoal ash - Might contain substances harmful for plants.
Dairy products (butter, milk, sour cream, yogurt) and eggs* - Create odor problems and attract pests such as rodents and flies.
● Diseased or insect-ridden plants - Bacteria or insects might reside inside those plants and germs of the same can be
easily transferred back to different plants and infect them too.
Substances such a fats, grease, lard, or oils and items as a Meat or fish bones and
scraps can’t be composted because they create odor problems and attract pests such as
rodents and flies
● Pet wastes (e.g., dog or cat feces, soiled cat litter)* - Might contain parasites, bacteria, germs, pathogens, and viruses harmful to humans
● Yard trimmings treated with chemical pesticides - Might kill beneficial composting organisms